INNOVATIVE MINI-INVASIVE SURGERY UNDER LOCAL ANESTHESIA FOR THE SECTION OF THE EXTRADURAL FILUM TERMINAL

The minimally invasive surgical technique under local anaesthesia for the section of the extradural tract of the filum terminale can only have a possible skin infection at the level of the surgical incision as a complication.
To avoid this possibility, the protocol provides antibiotic prophylaxis in the operating room before the start of the surgery.
The skin cut is about 4 cm long and is made at the level of the sacral hiatus.
No bone tissue is removed from the vertebrae or sacrum.
The posterior sacrococcygeal ligament is removed, and using the microsurgical technique, which involves using the operating microscope, the extradural filum terminale is isolated and cut.
For a video description of the technique CLICK HERE.
Having neither meninges nor nervous structures in the operating field, there can be no neurological damage or the appearance of meningitis.
The surgery takes about 25 minutes, and you can walk again after 60-120 minutes.
The patient is discharged from the hospital the day after the surgery.
The surgical intervention for anatomical reasons does not foresee the opening of the meninges; therefore, with this minimally invasive surgical technique, there are no conditions for the complication of the re-anchoring described in the surgical interventions with traditional surgery under general anaesthesia.

ADVANTAGES

- LOCAL ANESTHESIA

- SMALL CUT OF THE SKIN (see box below)

- SHORT DURATION OF THE INTERVENTION

- NO NEUROLOGICAL COMPLICATIONS


- AFTER THE SURGERY, ONLY ONE-TWO HOUR OF BED REST


- ONLY ONE DAY OF HOSPITALIZATION


- THERE ARE NO ANATOMICAL CONDITIONS FOR RETETHERING

A small skin cut is sufficient to carry out the mini-invasive surgical approach to the sacral spinal canal through the sacral hiatus

FILUM TERMINALE EXTERNUM SECTIONING IN LOCAL ANESTHESIA:

- ANATOMY
- SURGICAL TECHNIQUE
- POSTOPERATIVE COURSE

EXTRADURAL FILUM TERMINALE SECTIONING IN LOCAL ANESTHESIA:

SURGICAL VIDEO

The operating microscope is used in the central part of the surgery for the section of the extradural filum terminale.
FOR A SCIENTIFIC AND INFORMATION PURPOSE CLICK HERE TO SIDE TO EXIT THIS WEB SITE AND CONNECT TO YOUTUBE CHANNEL BY VANNI VERONESI M.D. AND SEE THE OPERATIVE ROOM  (dialogues in Italian).

TRADITIONAL SURGERY IN GENERAL ANESTHESIA FOR THE SECTION OF THE INTRADURAL FILUM TERMINALE

Traditional surgery of the intradural section of the filum terminale requires general anaesthesia for about one to two hours.
The classic surgical approach involves:
- the removal of the back part of the vertebrae;
- the opening of the meninges;
- identification of the intradural filum terminale between the nerve roots of the cauda equina (and verification using electrostimulation to avoid cutting the nerve roots with consequent neurological damage).
The duration of the intervention is approximately 60-90 minutes.
Before starting the surgery, under general anaesthesia, time is added to prepare for intraoperative electrophysiological monitoring.
The length of the skin cut is usually about 8-12 cm.
Complications are related to the appearance of hematomas, liqueur fistulas and infections, which, with the opening of the dura mater, can lead to meningitis in rare cases.
After surgery, bed rest in the prone position is provided for one to two days.
The discharge is foreseen three or four days after the intervention.
Cases of re-anchoring due to adhesions of previously open meninges have been described with this technique.
Using the endoscope reduces the length of the skin cut and the invasiveness but does not significantly modify the other aspects and complications of the traditional technique.

LAST UPDATE 30th DECEMBER 2023